Details of all species referred to in these Fish Care Sheets can be found in the FBAS Booklet No 6 - National Show Fish Sizes. Click HERE for information.
Dwarf Cichlids 01/03/2002
Species: Apistogramma, Mikrogeophagus, Nannacara, Nanochromis,
Geographic Origin: South America (many from Brazil), Central and
Common Names: Cockatoo Cichlid, Rams, Bolivian Rams, Kribensis etc.
Compatibility: Providing they have enough tank space to set up their own
territory, they will live quite happily with one another.
Minimum Aquarium Size: One pair of Apistogramma will be fine in a
450mm x 250mm x 250mm (18 x 10 x 10) aquarium,
particularly if you are attempting to breed them.
A 900mm x 380mm x 300mm (36 x 15 x 12) tank
will hold several pairs of fish.
Temperature: 23o/28oC 73o/82oF, there is some fluctuation in nature.
Habitat: Fine gravel/coarse sand. Rockwork to provide hiding places.
Terracotta flowerpots are ideal (ensure drainage hole is enlarged).
Water Parameters: Ideally, these fish prefer soft acid water but over a
period of time, can be changed over to neutral hard water.
Water should be filtered. Small weekly water changes.
Health: May have problems with White Spot. This can be treated with
a proprietary compound.
Diet: Prefer live or frozen foods. Daphnia, Mosquito larvae are readily
accepted. May accept dried foods.
Plants: May re-arrange the tank to suit themselves, in which case, the plants
will be uprooted. Use plants attached to rockwork.
Breeding Notes : Secretive, egg-depositors typically using caves (or
flowerpots) in which to spawn.
Availability: A number of species are readily available.
Show Class: FBAS Show Class Db
© FBAS 2002. PWC/RDE Fish Care Sheet 11 1/1